How to shim a door Hinge

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If you’re experiencing issues with your door, such as it not closing properly or making irritating sounds when opening or closing, it might be time to adjust the door hinge. One of the most effective ways to do this is by shimming the hinge, which involves inserting thin pieces of wood or plastic between the hinge and the door jamb to adjust the angle of the hinge. In this guide, we’ll take you through the steps of how to shim a door hinge, providing you with a useful DIY solution that can save you money and hassle. So if you’re keen to learn how to fix your door hinge and improve the functionality of your door, keep reading.


Doors are an essential part of any home, office, or building. They provide privacy, security, and insulation. However, a door that doesn’t close properly can be a big nuisance. One of the most common reasons for a door not to close correctly is a misaligned door hinge. This issue can be fixed by shimming the hinge. In this article, we will discuss how to shim a door hinge.

What is a Door Hinge Shim?

A door hinge shim is a small piece of material inserted between the door hinge and the door jamb or the door and the hinge. It is used to correct a door hinge that is not aligned correctly. A hinge shim can be made from various materials such as cardboard, plastic, or metal.

Why Should You Shim a Door Hinge?

Shimming a door hinge is necessary because it ensures that the door is aligned correctly. A misaligned door can cause various issues such as:

  • Difficulty in closing or opening the door
  • The door not staying closed
  • Gaps between the door and the frame, which can cause drafts and noise
  • Wear and tear on the door and the frame

Shimming a door hinge can save you from these problems and improve the overall functionality of your door.

Tools Required to Shim a Door Hinge

The tools required to shim a door hinge are minimal and include:

  • A hammer
  • A screwdriver
  • Hinge shims (cardboard, plastic, or metal)
  • A utility knife

Steps to Shim a Door Hinge

Follow these steps to shim a door hinge:

Step 1: Identify the Misaligned Hinge

The first step is to identify the misaligned hinge. Open and close the door to determine which hinge is causing the problem. Once you have identified the hinge, inspect it to see how much it is out of alignment.

Step 2: Remove the Hinge Pin

Using a screwdriver, remove the hinge pin from the hinge that needs to be shimmed. You can do this by tapping the bottom of the pin with a hammer until it comes out.

Step 3: Insert the Hinge Shim

Take a hinge shim that is slightly thicker than the gap between the hinge and the jamb. Insert it into the gap between the hinge and the jamb. You can use multiple shims if necessary.

Step 4: Replace the Hinge Pin

Once the shims are in place, replace the hinge pin by tapping it back into place with a hammer.

Step 5: Check the Door Alignment

Close the door and check if it is aligned correctly. If it is not, repeat the above steps until the door is aligned correctly.


In conclusion, shimming a door hinge is a simple and easy process that can save you a lot of trouble in the long run. Misaligned doors can cause various issues that can be easily avoided by shimming the hinge. By following the steps mentioned above, you can shim a door hinge quickly and efficiently. Remember to use the correct tools and materials and take your time to ensure that the door is aligned correctly.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I know if my door needs to be shimmed?

If your door is sagging, dragging on the floor, or not closing properly, it may need to be shimmed. You can check by opening and closing the door to see if it sticks or if there is a gap between the door and the frame.

What materials do I need to shim a door hinge?

To shim a door hinge, you will need shims (plastic or wood), a hammer, a utility knife, a screwdriver, and screws. You may also need a level to ensure the door is properly aligned.

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